Notes for the Conifer Section
|Common Name:||These conifers are arranged in alphabetical order according to the common name. Although sometimes the common name is inaccurate, we felt that for the consumer this was the easiest format to use. We have also separated the upright forms from the low growing, spreading forms. If you can not find what you are looking for, you may want to try the other section.|
|Height and width:||The height and width given are approximate. Size can vary with different varieties and growing conditions. These are just guidelines. In our area most trees and conifers will reach approximately 2/3's of the height and width that is given. Although some will reach the height that is stated. It is best to ask a professional if you have questions.|
|Growth Rate:||For most of the trees and conifers, there is a growth rate stated. These can vary with the different growing conditions. The rates given are just to give an idea of which varieties might work best in the area needed. The rate is as follows: |
Slow: Less than 12" of new growth each year.
Medium: 2-24" of new growth each year.
Fast: Over 24" of new growth each year.
|Hardiness:||All the conifers that we have selected to put in this book are hardy for Zone 5 or colder unless otherwise stated. If you have a protected area, you can plant the varieties that are marginal in our area. Be aware they may need some special care.|
|Special Care:||Some notations are made on special care required by certain conifers. Also included for some species is the resistance to certain known pests and diseases.|
|Special Forms:||Some varieties of conifers come in different forms. These forms have been noted at the end of the description and are in italics. Notations have also been made on those conifers that take shearing and shaping well.|
Brandon Pyramidal (Thuja occidentalis 'Brandon')
Medium growing. Height 12-15', 3-4' wide. Narrow cone shaped. Bright green foliage. Withstands harsh conditions. Excellent screen or hedge.
Emerald Green (Thuja occidentalis 'Emerald Green')
Medium growth. Height 15', 3-4' wide. Neat, narrow pyramidal form. Emerald green foliage. Holds color through winter. Excellent screen or hedge.
Little Giant (Thuja occidantalis 'Little Giant')
Slow growing. Height 6', 6' wide. Globe shaped. Has rich green foliage.
Pyramidal (Thuja occidentalis 'Pyramidallis')
Medium growing. Height to 25', 5-7' wide. Upright form. Deep green foliage. Very hardy. Excellent for tall hedges.
Yellow Ribbon (Thuja occidentalis 'Yellow Ribbon')
Slow growing. Heigh 8-10', 2-3' wide. Narrow habit. Golden-yellow foliage retained throughout the year.
Blue Atlas Cedar (Cedrus atlantica glauca)
Medium to slow growing. Height 30-40', 20-25' wide. Pyramidal form. Silvery blue needles. Very hardy.
Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens)
Medium growing. Height 30-40', 8-10' wide. Symmetrical tree with narrow, pyramidal crown. Rich green foliage in flat sprays. Trunk has reddish brown bark. Tolerates poor soils and heat.
Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani var. stenocoma)
Medium to slow growing. Height 40-50', 35-40' wide. Upright form grows as a pyramid with stiff branches. The needle color is dark green in color. This is the hardiest of the Lebanon Cedars. Zone 5.
Polar Winter Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara 'Polar Winter')
Medium to slow growing. Height 40', 25' wide. Upright form with gracefully arching branches. Solft silvery-blue needles. In spring and early summer, the new needles are a softer, lighter shade providing a contrast in the same hue. Zone 6.
Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata)
Medium growth. Height 60-100', 20-30' wide. Upright growth with slender drooping branches. Dark green, scale like leaves in flat, lacy sprays. Red-brown bark adds interest.
Weeping Blue Atlas Cedar (Cedrus atlantica 'Glauca Pendula')
Medium to slow growth. Height to 20' if not pruned, 15-20' wide. Pendulous, spreading form. Frosty blue needles.
CYPRESS (Chamaecyparis, Cupressocyparis, Taxodium)
Bald Cypress (Toxodium distichum)
Deciduous Conifer. Medium growing. Height to 50', 25' wide. Pyramidal when young, becoming flat topped with age. Delicate green foliage turns bright orange brown in fall.
Compact Hinoki Cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana Gracilis')
Slow growing. Height 6-7', 4-6' wide. Irregularly globose form develops an upright habit with age. Dark green, compact foliage. Plant in partial shade of full sun. The most popular dwarf Hinoki Cypress.
Contorted Hinoki Cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Torulosa')
Slow growing. Height to 9', 9' wide. Irregular form. Dark green foliage covers the unusually twisted branches. Red bark is striking. Excellent as a small informal hedge that requires little maintenance.
Emerald Isle Leyland Cypress (x Cupressocyparis leylandii 'Moncal')
Medium to fast growth. Height 20-25', 6-8' wide. Pyramidal form. Soft, bright green foliage on flat sprays. No trimming necessary. Likes full sun.
Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
Medium growth. Height 40-50'. Sharply pyramidal form when young. Densely set soft needles radiate out in all directions from the branches and twigs. Needles can be dark green or blue green. Ends of branches swing up. Brown cones are oval.
Subalpine Fir (Abies lasiocarpa)
Slow growing. Height to 50', 20' wide. Narrow, spire-like crown. Has bluish-gray needles.Exhibits a thin, smooth gray bark when young and a fissured bark when older. Would do best in protected area.
White Fir (Abies concolor)
Medium growing. Height 30-60', 20-25' wide. Large, very symmetrical tree with a spire like crown. Long upturned bluish-green needles. Popular Christmas tree.
Western (Tsuga heterophylla)
Medium growing. Height to 70', 20' wide. Horizontal branching. Round-tipped, finely toothed dark green needles. Cracked purple brown bark. Very shade tolerant. Requires shelter from wind. Marginal in our area.
Cologreen (Juniperus scopulorum 'Cologreen')
Medium growing. Height 15-20', 5-7' wide. Cone like form. Bright green, even growing foliage.
Gray Gleam (Juniperus scopulorum 'Gray Gleam')
Slow growing. Height 15', 5-7' wide. Columnar form. Silvery gray-blue foliage.
Green Ice (Juniperus scopulorum Green Ice 'Monwade')
Medium growing. Height 15', 7-10' wide. Tight branching habit. New tip growth is icy-green.
Hollywood (Juniperus chinensis 'Torulosa')
Fast growing. Height 15', 3-5' wide. Densely branched columnar form. Vivid green, scale like foliage. Useful as a screen or windbreak. Excellent as a sheared topiary. Durable evergreen, tolerates heat, cold and drought. Full sun.
Medora (Juniperus scopulorum 'Medora')
Slow growing. Height to 10', 2 1/2' wide. Narrow columnar form. The dense branches hold bluish-green foliage that remains in bounds without pruning. Excellent vertical accent.
Skyrocket (Juniperus virginiana 'Skyrocket')
Medium to fast growth. Height 20', 2-3' wide. Very narrow form. Silver-blue gray foliage.
Spartan (Juniperus chinensis 'Spartan')
Medium growth. Height to 15', 5' wide. Pyramidal form. Rich green needle like foliage. Available in standard and spiral forms.
Tolleson's Blue Weeping (Juniperus scopulorum 'Tolleson's Blue Weeping')
Medium growing. Height 20', 10' wide. Graceful, arching branches on this tree-like form. Silvery gray-blue foliage.
Wichita Blue (Juniperus scopulorum 'Wichita Blue')
Medium growth. Height 20'. Wide pyramidal form. Handsome bright silver blue foliage. Very hardy.
Western (Larix occidentalis)
Medium growth. Height to 60', 15' wide. Narrowly conical crown. Pointed blue-green to gray-green needles, each with 2 white bands beneath. Red-brown to brown bark, becoming furrowed and fissured with age.
Austrian (Pinus nigra)
Medium fast growth. Height usually not above 50'. Dense stout pyramid with uniform crown. Long, dark green needles. Cones 2" to 3 1/2" oval, brown. Very hardy. Dwarf Variety available.
Border (Pinus strobiformus)
Medium growth. Height 35-40'. Pyramidal form. Long, dark bluish-green foliage. Has many of the characteristics of the White Pine, but does better in drier, harsher climates. Cones average 6-7" long.
Bosnian (Pinus leucodermis)
Slow growing. Height to 40', 10' wide. Densely branched, pyramidal form. Glossy dark green rigid needles. Young cones are purple-blue.
Bristlecone (Pinus artista)
Very slow growing. Height 30', width 20'. In youth a symmetrical narrow-crowned tree with mature look. Dense bushy heavy trunk with ground-sweeping branches. Dark green whitish beneath flecked with white dots of resin. Cones 3 1/2", dark purplish brown. Good for years in containers.
Columnar Scotch (Pinus sylvestris 'Fastigata')
Medium growth. Height 20-30', 3-4' wide. Narrow, upright form. Twisted 2" long blue-green needles densely arranged on the ascending branches. Makes a dramatic statement in the landscape.
Compact Austrian (Pinus nigra 'Compacta')
Slow to medium growth. Height 15', 8-10' wide. Smaller stature is perfect for small spaces. Lush green coloring is reliable in virtually every season for a high quality evergreen background. Dense foliage makes it great for small scale privacy screens or windbreaks. High tolerance for dry conditions and alkaline soils.
Compact Tanyosho (Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera Compacta')
Slow growing. Height 12', 18' wide. A more dense habit to this very attractive evergreen. Red brown bark and bright green needles. Usually grafted up to make a unique, small evergreen tree.
Dwarf Scotch (Pinus sylvestris 'Glauca Nana')
Slow growing. Height 6', 6' wide. Eventually becomes a flattened globe form. An attractive, blue-green needles. Requires candle pruning to maintain a round form. Zone 3.
Emerald Arrow Bosnian (Pinus leucodermis 'Emerald Arrow')
Slow growing. Height 10-15', 6-10' wide. A compact, spire form. Rich dark green foliage on silver colored branches. With its predictable narrow habit, low maintenance, salt tolerance and disease resistance this plant is sure to be a stately landscape specimen. Zone 5.
French Blue Scotch (Pinus sylvestris 'French Blue')
Medium to slow growth. Height 25-30', 15-20' wide. Uniform, compact growth. Bright blue foliage. Color retained in winter.
Heldreichii (Pinus leucodermis 'Heldreichii')
Slow growing. Height 40', 10' wide. Upright, pyramidal growth. Glossy dark green, rigid needles arranged at branch tips. Young cones are purple-blue, an added attraction. Beautiful landscape tree.
Japanese Black (Pinus thunbergii)
Slow growing. Height 40-50', 15-25' wide. Pyramidal form. Sharp, rich green needles.
Jeddeloh Austrian (Pinus nigra 'Jeddeloh')
Medium to slow growth. Height more than 15' in 10-15 years. Grafted form of Austrian Pine. Long green needles are deeper green, a bit stiffer and held more upright than Austrian Pine. Hardy and adaptable to a wide range of conditions.
Lodgepole (Pinus contorta latifolia)
Medium growth. Height 30-60', 10-20' wide. A tall slender straight tree. Green needles. Best in stands and clumps.
Ponderosa (Pinus ponderosa)
Moderately fast growing. Height 50-60', 30-40' wide. Branches arranged in spire-like crown. Long green needles in clusters at branch ends. Very hardy.
Vanderwolf (Pinus flexilis 'Vanderwolf's Pyramid')
Robust grower. Height 20-25', 10-15' wide. Pyramidal form . Long, silvery blue-green needles. Densely branched tree.
REDWOOD (Metasequoia, Sequoiadendron)
Dawn Redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides)
Deciduous conifer. Fast growing. Height to 60', 25' wide. Has a narrow, conical shape. The foliage is a medium green. Fall color is rusty orange.
Baby Blue Eyes (Picea pungens glauca 'Baby Blue Eyes')
Very slow growth. Height 10-15', 8-10' wide. Very compact, pyramidal shape. Bright blue needles. Usually grows only 2-3" per year. Dwarf form of Colorado Blue.
Bakeri (Picea pungens glauca 'Bakeri')
Medium growth. Height 20', 15' wide. Dwarf form. Grafted form of Colorado Blue with a consistent blue color.
Black Hills (Picea glauca 'Densata')
Slow growing. Height 20-25', 10-12' wide. A symmetrical, cone-shape. Dense bright green needles, become blue-green when mature.
Colorado (Picea pungens)
Medium growth. Height 60-70', 20-25' wide. Stiff, horizontal branches form a broad pyramidal habit. Foliage is green. Hardy. Zone 2.
Colorado Blue (Picea pungens glauca)
Medium growth. Height 60-70', 20-25' wide. Horizontal branches form a broad pyramidal habit. Stiff , silvery blue-green needles. Hardy. Zone 2.
Columnar Colorado (Picea pungens 'Fastigiata')
Slow growth. Height 40', 10' wide. A densely formed columnar crown. Great blue color make this tree a showpiece for the small landscape or to fill in a tight corner. Zone 3.
Compact Oriental (Picea orientalis 'Nigra Compacta')
Medium to slow growth. Height in 10-15 years 6-8', 4-5' wide. Compact habit when young, developing into a majestic broad upright tree with age. Dense branching with dark shining green needles. Very adaptable. It is usually wider than tall when young. Zone 4.
Cupressina Norway (Picea abies 'Cupressina')
Moderately fast growing. Height 20', 10' wide. Narrow, upright form. Green foliage. Branches tend to withstand snow loads better than most columnar types. Zone 4. Good for boundary plantings.
Dwarf Alberta (Picea glauca 'Conica')
Slow growing. Height 7', 3-4' wide. Compact pyramidal tree. Short, fine needles that are soft to the touch. Hardy. Some protection needed from wind and strong sunlight. Available in standard, Poodle, or Spiral forms. Zone 4.
Fat Albert (Picea pungens glauca 'Fat Albert')
Slow growing. Height 15', 10' wide. Broadly pyramidal. Rich blue coloring to the needles. The branch tips are ascending. Zone 2.
Foxtail (Picea pungens 'Iseli Foxtail')
Slow growing. Height 10-15', 7-8' wide. Intriguing, tightly branched extremely narrow evergreen conifer. Unique twisted blue needles form tufts at end of branches. Great accent plant. Zone 2.
Gowdy Oriental (Picea orientalis 'Gowdy')
Slow growing. Height 8-10', 3-4' wide. Narrow shape. Features short, deep green needles and a fine branching habit. The branches hang down creating an interesting weeping effect. An excellent choice for the small yard. Zone 4.
Hoop's Blue (Picea pungens 'Hoopsii')
Medium growing. Height 30-50', 10-20' wide. Pyramidal form. New growth is especially bright blue. Needs early training to encourage erect cone-shaped habit. Zone 2.
Jean's Dilly Dwarf Alberta (Picea glauca conica 'Jean's Dilly')
Slow growing. Height to 4', 2' wide. Dwarf, cone shape. Smaller, shorter needles than Dwarf Alberta Spruce. Spring growth is also 3-4 weeks later. Zone 4.
Norway (Picea abies 'Norway')
Medium grower. Height 40-60', 25-30' wide. Pyramidal shape. Dark green needles on dense branches. Prefers sandy, moist soil. Pendulous branchlets add a graceful appearance.
Oriental (Picea orientalis 'Atrovirens')
Slow growing. Height to 60', 20' wide. Pyramidal form. Dark green, shiny needles. Fully branched to the ground.
Sherwood Compact Norway (Picea abies 'Sherwood Compact')
Medium to slow growing. Height 6-15' in 10-15 years. A narrowly pyramidal form with an ascending branching habit. Light to mid-green needles and light brown shoots. Zone 4.
Shilo Weeping (Picea pungens 'Shilo-Weeping')
Medium to slow growth. Height more than 15' in 10-15 years. A weeping selection which has an upright leader with the side branches hanging down in a dense curtain of blue foliage. This plant continues to develop its weeping character and beauty as it ages. Zone 2.
Weeping Colorado Blue (Picea pungens 'Pendula')
Slow growth. Weeping habit, presenting a cascading effect. Blue needles. The terminal growth requires staking when young. If allowed to spread it will form a ground cover. Zone 2.
Weeping Norway (Picea abies 'Pendula')
Slow growing. Height 3 or more feet, spreading 10' wide. Grown on a stake to feature the spreading branches. Rich green needles. Zone 3.
Weeping White (Picea glauca 'Pendula')
Medium growth. Height 40', 25' wide. Narrow conical shape has very pendulous, with stiffly held downward hanging branches. Tree is heavily covered with light gray-green needles. Zone 2.
Compact Bronze Hinoki(Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Pygmaea Aurescens')
Slow growing. Height 2', 5' wide. Mounding accent shrub. Flat fan shaped branchlets of yellow-bronze foliage in spring, green in summer, bronze in winter.
Gold Thread Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens 'Gold Thread')
Slow growing. Height 18-24", 2-3' wide. Rounded coniferous evergreen shrub. Golden needle like foliage. Prefers acidic soil.
True Dwarf Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa 'Nana')
Slow growing. Grows less than 1" per year. Mounding form. Its dark green foliage is tightly congested, forming a tiny mound of year-round color. One of the most diminutive forms of Hinoki cypress. 'Nana' is the perfect miniature conifer for rock gardens or small confined spaces.
Coles Prostrate (Tsuga Canadensis 'Cole's Prostrate')
Slow growing. Height up to 1', spreading to 3'. Groundcover form, growing to height staked. Deep green foliage on stiffly weeping main branches make a truly prostrate growing plant. Useful to highlight contours of stone in the rock garden. Prefers partial shade. Zone 4.
Dwarf (Tsuga canadensis 'Gracilis')
Slow growing. Height to 3', 6' wide. Low-growing, spreading form with drooping branch ends. A very regular arrangement of needles and shoots gives this plant a nice, neat, uniform appearnce. Zone 4.
Dwarf Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea 'Nana')
Slow growing. Height less than 3', 3' wide. Globe shape. Dark green needles on horizontal spreading branches. Full to partial sun.
Bar Harbor (Juniperus horizontalis 'Bar Harbor')
Medium growing. Height 1', 8-10' wide. Ground cover. Foliage is soft gray-green, turning silvery-plum in winter.
Blue Chip (Juniperus horizontalis 'Blue Chip')
Medium growth. Height 12", and 6-8' wide. Great ground cover. Silvery blue color. Fine foliage.
Blue Star (Juniperus squamata 'Blue Star')
Slow growing. Height 2', 3-4' wide. Mounding form. Steel-blue needles that suggest twinkling stars. Easily contained. Available in standard and patio tree forms.
Broadmoor (Juniperus sabina 'Broadmoor')
Medium growth. Height to 2', 6-8' wide. Widely spreading. Bright green foliage.
Buffalo (Juniperus sabina 'Buffalo')
Medium growth. Height 8-12', 8' wide. Mounding form. Soft feathery bright green foliage. Good color all year-round.
Calgary Carpet (Juniperus sabina 'Calgary Carpet')
Medium growth. Height 6-9", 10' wide. Wide spreading, branching habit. Distinctive selection from the popular 'Arcadia' Juniper. Attractive soft green foliage covers the low growing plant.
Dwarf Japanese Garden (Juniperus procumbens 'Nana')
Medium growth. Height 6-12", 3-5' wide. Dense, ground hugging mound. Bluish green foliage best when left unsheared. Full to partial sun.
Gold Coast (Juniperus chinensis Gold Coast 'Aurea')
Moderate grower. Height 3', 5' wide. Compact. Lacy foliage with a golden-yellow coloring that is retained and deepens in cold weather. Trimming unnecessary.
Greenmound (Juniperus procumbens 'Greenmound')
Medium growth. Height 8", 6' wide. Attractive light green foliage that does not brown-out. A good spreader with a mounding growth habit in center of plant. Good for low plantings . Tolerant of many soils, and will thrive under adverse conditions.
Holger (Juniperus squamata 'Holger')
Slow growing. Height 2', 3-4' wide. Dense, spreading form. Bright creamy-yellow new foliage that contrasts with the older blue foliage. Sharply pointed needles. Easily contained. Available in standard and patio tree forms.
Mint Julep (Juniperus chinensis 'Monlep')
Moderate growth. Height 4-6', 6-8' wide. Compact, fountain-like form. Brilliant mint green foliage. Good performer in all climates.
Pfitzer, Old Gold (Juniperus chinensis 'Pfitzerana Old Gold')
Moderate growth. Height 4', 4' wide. Dense, rounded form. Compact brilliant golden foliage.
Prince of Wales (Juniperus horizontalis 'Prince Of Wales')
Moderate growth. Height 8", 8-10' wide. Low growing groundcover. Very dense, medium green foliage turns purplish in the fall.
San Jose (Juniperus chinensis 'San Jose')
Slow growing. Height 2', 6' wide. Semi prostrate form. Sage green needles. Interesting appearance. Many irregular branches. Excellent for Bonsai growing
Scandia (Juniperus sabina 'Scandia')
Moderate growth. Height 1', 8' wide. Spreading form. Soft, bright green foliage covers the dense growth.
Sea Green (Juniperus chinensis 'Sea Green')
Moderate growth. Height 4-6', 4-6' wide. Attractive, mint green foliage on graceful, arching branches. Foliage color darkens in cold weather. Likes full sun.
Tam (Juniperus sabina 'Tamariscifolia')
Moderate growth. Height 3-6', 8-10' wide. Mounding form. Spreads symmetrically. Dense blue green needles.
Wiltoni or Blue Rug (Juniperus horizontalis 'Wiltoni')
Moderate growth. Height 8", 8-10' wide. Low groundcover, the flattest juniper. Intense silver blue. Dense short branchlets on long trailing branches. Rarely exposes limbs.
Youngstown Andorra (Juniperus horizontalis 'Youngstown')
Moderate growth. Height 12-18", 6' wide. Prostrate growth habit. Bright green foliage. Tightly knit branches create a full centered look.
Dwarf Mugo (Pinus mugo pumilo)
The dwarf type. Slow growing. Height to 4'. Symmetrical little pine may become spreading in age. Needles are dark green, cone is about one inch. Very hardy. One of the most widely used pines because of the low growth habit.
Dwarf Scotch (Pinus sylvestris 'Nana')
Slow growing. Height to 6', 6' wide. Rounded form. Rich blue-green needles on dense horizontal branches. Available in standard and patio tree forms.
Tanyosho (Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera')
Slow growing. Height to 12', 20' wide. Shrub-like form. Densely arranged bright green needles. Attractive orange-brown bark in youth. Flat-topped, umbrella-like head. Multi-trunked pine.
Slowmound Mugo (Pinus mugo 'Slowmound')
Slow growing. Height 2-3', 2-3' wide. Dense mounding form. A true dwarf mugo that actually possesses the characteristics that gardeners have always wished mugos had. A dark-green, dense mound, compact enough to plant in even the most confined areas. Zone 2.
Valley Cushion Mugo (Pinus mugo 'Valley Cushion')
Slow growing. Height 2', 3' wide. Dense mounding form. This dwarf selection of mugo pine is an excellent choice for a small mounding plant in cold areas of the country. Growing slightly wider than tall, 'Valley Cushion' is a medium green all year round. Zone 2.
Dwarf Globe Blue (Picea pungens 'Globosa')
Slow growing. Height 3-5', 5-6' wide. Flat topped, densely branched globe shaped shrub. Dense, bright blue needles hold color throughout the year. Zone 2. Available in standard and patio tree forms.
Dwarf Norway (Picea abies 'Pumila')
Slow growing. Height 4-5', 8-10' wide. Globe shaped shrub. Blue-green needles on dense branches. Zone 2.
Dwarf Siberian (Picea omirik 'Nana')
Slow growing. Height 6-8', 6-8' wide. Dense, globe form when young, developing into a broad pyramid. Needles are dark green above with white bands on the lower leaf surface, giving the plant a bicolor appearance. Zone 2.
Little Gem (Picea abies 'Little Gem')
Slow growing. Height 1-2', 1-2' wide. Globe form. Short stiff branchlets and tiny needles. Zone 2. Available in standard and patio tree forms.
Nest Spruce (Picea abies 'Nidiformis')
Slow growing. Height 3', 4-6' wide. Flattened globe shape. Dark green foliage. Zone 2.
Sherwood Compact Norway (Picea abies 'Sherwood Compact')
Slow growing. Height 3', 7' wide. A narrowly pyramidal form with an ascending branching habit. Light to mid-green needles and light brown shoots. Zone 4.
Spreading Norway (Picea abies 'Repens')
Slow growing. Height 1 1/2', 5-6' wide. Mounding form with arching branches. Uniform appearance. Layered tightly held bright-green needles. Zone 3.
see "Shrubs" page